People vary in how much sleep they need to stay healthy and feel well rested. It's generally accepted that most adults will need between seven and nine This is how you spend most of your sleeping time. This phase has three different stages. N1 corresponds with feeling drowsy. N2 is a light stage of...
Many conditions must be considered in the differential diagnosis (eg, abnormalities of the cervicothoracic spine, costochondral separation, nonspecific chest wall pain). However, few truly mimic angina, which is generally so characteristic that errors in diagnosis usually result from careless history taking.
A patient with an isolated rib fracture or a minor costochondral separation usually has a history of falling on the side of the chest, being struck by a blunt object, coughing violently or leaning over a rigid edge.
The identification of de novo germline mosaicism (177) is consistent with the view that most sporadic cases harbor new mutations, but the separation of such sporadic cases from familial ones, in which there is suppression of phenotype due to imprinting, may be difficult without detailed molecular studies.
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Jan 25, 2017 · Tietze's syndrome usually affects the upper ribs, especially the second or third ribs. Costochondritis can affect any of the costochondral joints, but most commonly the second to the fifth ribs are affected. The pain is aggravated by physical activity, movement, deep inspiration, coughing or sneezing.
Pathophysiology. Costochondritis is an inflammatory process of the costochondral or costosternal joints that causes localized pain and tenderness. Any of the 7 costochondral junctions may be affected, and more than 1 site is affected in 90% of cases.
Quality of life in chemical warfare survivors with ophthalmologic injuries: the first results form Iran Chemical Warfare Victims Health Assessment Study. PubMed Central. Mousavi, Batool; Soroush, Mohammad Reza; Montazeri, Ali
closed fracture: [ frak´chur ] 1. the breaking of a part, especially a bone. 2. a break in continuity of bone; it may be caused by trauma, twisting due to muscle spasm or indirect loss of leverage, or by disease that results in osteopenia . See illustration. Types of fractures. Treatment . Immediate first aid consists of splinting the bone ...